If you ever get to the point where you decide to give your four-legged friend any new supplements or medicine, it is good to practise to consider the potential of any side effects before committing to it.
CBD oil is relatively new and many dog parents are using it for themselves and their pets.
CBD is a chemical derived from the cannabis plant. Despite popular misconceptions though, it does not contain tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the chemical in cannabis that makes people high.
In most cases, CBD is considered completely legal, but as it comes from the same family of cannabis plants that people get “high” with, it leads to many questions. “Can CBD Oil cause incontinence in dogs? Is CBD oil safe for dogs? Are there any harmful side effects of CBD for dogs?”.
While CBD oils are not known to cause incontinence in dogs, this article aims to answer as many of those questions as possible.
What is CBD?
CBD is often derived from either hemp or cannabis. Unlike the previous years, CBD can be easy to get online and from many retail stores. CBD is said to offer many health benefits for people and dogs and is often sold in different forms ranging from pills and oils to speciality chews and treats.
As mainstream attitudes towards CBD and cannabis have shifted, more people now view it as a herbal medicinal option for themselves and their dogs.
As such, CBD is usually sold in the form of oil drops or soft chews that can be given orally.
More importantly, experts say that you should never give your dog any products containing THC. CBD is fine and safe, but THC is not. The outcome can be fatal, in part because there are no established safe doses. Interestingly, more than any other species, dogs are much more sensitive to the negative effects of THC.
Word of caution though, as CBD dog treats do resemble regular dog treats, it can be so easy to forget and give your dog too many CBD dog treats. While the side effects of CBD for dogs are little to none, overdoing it can have negative effects. So it is still advisable to know when to limit your self and not give your dog any more CBD than it needs.
Like so many other things, a dog that finds a stash of CBD or other marijuana/hemp products will probably eat more than they should.
So if you are a dog parent that sometimes leaves your dog home alone keep your dog safe by keeping any CBD products out of your dog’s reach and, ideally, behind a locked door.
If you choose to buy alternative CBD oil dog treats then crosscheck if they contain ingredients such as chocolate or raisins which are toxic for dogs. While these CBD dog treats are fine, some dog edible treats contain high levels of sugar, which may not be suitable for dogs.
CBD Oil for dogs VS Cannabis – The Difference
The CBD oil used in retail dog products is not the same thing as cannabis. Marijuana – also known as Cannabis sativa – is comprised of somewhere between 66 and 113 different cannabinoid compounds (natural compounds that affect receptors in the nervous system).
CBD is not psychoactive, so its use does not lead to a person feeling high. On the other hand, THC is also a cannabinoid present in the cannabis plant that alters mental state.
This is contained in marijuana that is often smoked or converted it into some butter for baked products – most notable being the brownies or edible candy. These edible formulations are more problematic to dogs as they are more likely to contain higher concentrations of THC.
Does CBD Oil Work?
Despite the wide range of studies and research done into studying CBD’s effectiveness in treating human conditions, not much has been done into pets.
CBD from cannabis is considered to be extremely safe and non-toxic. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), “CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential.”
In addition to this, the WHO findings also state “CBD appears not to exhibit THC-like discriminative stimulus effects”. Basically, CBD will not have an intoxicating effect on you or your dog.
It is also worth noting that the World Health Organisation adds “CBD is generally well tolerated with a good safety profile. Reported adverse effects may be as a result of drug-drug interactions between CBD and patients’ existing medications”.
Can CBD Oil cause diarrhoea in dogs?
As with most things, CBD oil should be used sparingly until you know for sure your dog has adapted to it.
Overdosing on CBD oil and soft chews can lead to illness related to vomiting and diarrhoea. While it is a rare occurrence, the oil rather than the CBD can lead to upset tummy and increase the chances of diarrhoea.
As much as possible, stick to the recommended doses as prescribed on the CBD oil container to ensure a happy dog!
Can CBD kill a dog?
Due to the murky waters in classifying CBD oils and constantly-shifting by political behemoths, CBD is awkward to research for anybody wanting to recommend its effectiveness as medicine for animals.
As stated earlier, CBD is a non-psychoactive chemical derived from cannabis or hemp that won’t get people or animals high like THC.
Luckily, there are a few ongoing studies being done at a number of different veterinary colleges. The results of some of the clinical studies have now been published, and the results are looking quite encouraging.
CBD Side Effects in Dogs
As with anything you give to your dog — from chewies to prescribed medications — it’s important to be aware when of what is normal and hen things go wrong.
If you notice your dog suffering from any of the side effects listed below, then it might be a good idea to check in with your vet doctor.
- Dry Mouth: While dogs can’t let you know if they have dry mouth, it will be more obvious to notice if they suddenly increase their water intake. And increased thirst could also be a sign of a different problem. So it’s worth checking it further.
- Tremors: Human patients have noticed an increase in tremors at high doses of CBD. So if you notice any tremors of any kind should be cause for concern in a dog.
- Low Blood Pressure: If, during your next vet visit, your dog is diagnosed as having low blood pressure, then tell them as soon as possible that you have been giving your dog doses of CBD. Other symptoms of low blood pressure are if you notice your dog becoming overly tired or lethargic. So keep an eye on this.
- Lightheadedness: Being dizzy or disoriented are early indications that a human is lightheaded. The same rules apply to your dog. So if you notice this, stop all medication and contact your vet for medical advice.
- Drowsiness: Pay attention to your dog’s sleeping patterns. If you notice any change, you know what to do – contact your vet.
- Inhibition of Drug Metabolism: High doses of CBD oil can enzyme block some liver enzymes. As such, if you are aware of any medication that your pet is on, then you should speak to your vet prior to using CBD oils.