Your dog’s urinary tract is a marvellously intricate system of organs, hormones and chemistry. The kidneys are the primary organs responsible for regulating the internal environment of the body.
They play an important role in water and electrolyte balance, in the elimination of the everyday waste products that result from metabolism, and in the removal of certain toxins.
As the kidneys remove the toxins and waste from the blood, they create the urine that will eventually carry the unwanted substances out of the body.
Urine is stored in the bladder until it passes through the urethra and exits the body. Nerves reaching up from the spinal column to the bladder and urethral sphincter muscles signal appropriate contraction and relaxation during urination.
The dog’s urinary tract is dependent on other organs and body systems to function properly. An imbalance anywhere in the body can affect the ability of the kidneys to do their job.
For example, to keep the urinary tract in good condition we must also take care of the circulatory system – particularly the heart – as well as the adrenal glands.
Functions Of The Kidney
The most common signs of a UTI in dogs is straining when peeing, blood in the urine, fever, lethargy, unpleasant smell to urine, incontinence and urinating in inappropriate places.
Maintaining your Dog’s Urinary Tract health.
To help your dog’s urinary tract stay healthy:
- Provide easy access to fresh water, and remember to clean the bowl regularly.
- Make sure your dog has easy access to a place where he can urinate whenever he needs to. Even if you think he’s very good at holding it, making him wait will cause overdistension, or stretching of the bladder and can lead to chronic problems.
- Provide a balanced diet with fresh food and plenty of variety.
- Supplement with Omega-3 fatty acids.
- Minimise the stress in your dog’s life as much as possible.
- Supplement with vitamin B-complex and an antioxidant blend if your dog is undergoing an emotionally or physically stressful period.
- Avoid dehydration if your dog is a senior citizen. If he does not receive the water his body needs – whether from failure to drink, excessive diarrhoea, even if someone simply forgets to fill the water bowl – kidney damage may occur.
5 Symptoms of Dog Incontinence
Does your dog suddenly seem to have forgotten his house training? If he is urinating in strange places it may be a sign of emotional difficulties, senility, or a urinary tract problem.
Unless there’s an obvious reason for him to begin expressing himself in this way (such as a new puppy in the house of a major change in his routine), ask your vet doctor to run tests to check for the physical course.
If the results are normal you can then explore the possibility of a behavioural or emotional course.
Unexplained weight loss is always a sign that something is not gone wrong. When it occurs with other urinary tract symptoms, it’s an indication is troubling him is taking a significant toll on his system.
Loss of appetite no vomiting.
These symptoms may indicate kidney trouble and are signs that your dog’s condition might be serious.
Mouth sores and bad breath.
An odd smell or sores in a dog’s mouth could be the result of a buildup of toxins as a result of kidney failure. If he is constantly tired and disinterested in food, see your vet doctor as soon as possible.
If your dog has incontinence, it will begin to smell like urine. Urine has a very strong odour, so it will not be tough to detect a urine odour coming from your dog. If your dog regularly lies on a dog blanket or dog bed, these items will also develop a urine odour.