Quick Guide on How to Prevent Spay Incontinence

Quick Guide on How to Prevent Spay Incontinence

If you are a male or female dog owner, you know how important it is to have your pet properly spayed or neutered. For decades, we have heard about the moral importance of such an action, with everyone from veterinarians to celebrity pet lovers telling us how important it is that we prevent unwanted pets from becoming strays by pre-emptively spaying and neutering our pets. That’s good advice and deserves to be followed.

That being said, if you’ve noticed your dog’s been suffering from a bit of a urinary problem since her spaying, you aren’t imagining things.

The spaying process obviously involves performing a medical procedure near your pet’s genitalia and urinary tract. While it is unintentional, this can sometimes lead to a stretching of the urinary area or other problems. These, in turn, can lead to urinary incontinence.

So, how can you prevent that, and what can you do to address spay incontinence should it occur? One option is to get some Dog Incontinence Pants, this is handy to have around the house to prevent spillages and accidents. Herbal remedies such as this Urinary Aid for Dogs are also a great option to try out.

Which dogs are Most Vulnerable to Spay Incontinence?

Female dogs, in particular, can be subject to spay incontinence. This is especially true for certain breeds, such as Cocker Spaniels, Doberman Pinschers, and Old English Sheepdogs.

That said, urinary incontinence is a condition to which all dog breeds are susceptible. Some of the warning signs of urinary incontinence can include:

  • Urinating more frequently than usual
  • Not having full control of their bladder, including “dribbling” and “accidents”
  • Changes in your dog’s urinary PH level
  • Changes in their behaviour immediately before and after they urinate

Pre-emptive Measures

While it may be tempting at first to think that the best way to prevent urinary incontinence is to avoid having your pet spayed altogether, you would be wrong. It is vitally important, for the reasons laid out by those aforementioned veterinarians and animal welfare activists, that you have your pet properly spayed if you do not plan on having and taking responsibility for their litters.

The best pre-emptive action you can take is to talk to your veterinarian about the matter, and hear what they have to say. They’ll be able to give you a fuller idea as to whether or not that’s a concern with your pet and, if so, how it can be treated.

Spay Incontinence Treatments

With that in mind, let’s turn our mind to what can be done to address spay incontinence.

If your dog does start to experience this issue after her spaying, you’ll want to ask your veterinarian what type of treatment is best for her.

There are several potential responses to this. Proin and similar medications can do a great deal to help mitigate the effects of urinary incontinence. Female dogs, in particular, can respond well to oestrogen treatments, though they do have the side effect of making them more “attractive” to other dogs. In very rare cases, surgery can sometimes be an option.

However, things should not get that far, and urinary incontinence can typically be treated with one of several different types of pills or other treatments, preventing this from becoming a long-term problem.

Problems of Neutering Elderly Male Dog

best age to neuter dogs

If you’ve recently neutered your elderly male dog or you are considering neutering the dog in your life, you might be wondering if any problems will accompany having this procedure done on your canine companion.

Below are answers to some of the most common questions people have about these surgeries.

What Is Neutering?

Neutering (also referred to as orchiectomy or castration) is the practice of sterilising male animals by removing the testes.

Neutering, or castration, is often performed under general anaesthesia and it is a simpler surgery than a spay. An incision is made near the front of the scrotum, then the testicles are removed through that incision.

The penis is not operated on during this procedure, and the outer sac that once held the testes is left in place.

Neutering is usually performed between the ages of 8 weeks and 6 months; however, it can be performed on older animals as well as long as an animal is in overall good health.

Male dogs generally recover much more quickly following neutering than females do from spaying since spaying is much more invasive and results in a larger incision.

Can a dog get more aggressive after neutering?

Some older neutered dogs may be seen to be less boisterous and quieter than before, while some may remain the same. It is often seen that older dogs remain territorial. In some instances, some older dogs become increasingly aggressive towards people and other animals following the neutering procedure.

Before covering the problems and side effects that come with neutering your elderly dog, let’s consider the benefits.

What Are the Benefits of Neutering a Male Dog?

A Lot Less Homeless Pets

Local dog shelters often have too many dogs and not enough prospective dog parents. If all pet owners neutered their elderly dog, local dog shelters would have fewer dogs without a home to worry about. 

This would lead to fewer dogs without a home and being euthanised, on the plus side, it would also increase the space available in dog shelters.

Significantly Reduced Risk of Cancer

Neutered older male dogs are expected to have a lower chance of testicular cancer. They also experience a reduction in non-cancerous prostate disorders and are also believed to have a lesser chance of having diabetes.

A neutered male dog might also have less desire to roam.

Problems of Neutering

When thinking about neutering an older dog, the benefits must be weighed against any risks associated with anaesthetic and surgery.

As the neutering procedure itself is not usually associated with any complications, it is the anaesthetic that is the primary concern. If neutering is being recommended as a separate procedure for a medical reason such as prostatic enlargement or testicular tumours then there is a huge advantage to your dog’s health and long life, in having the procedure done.

If your dog is showing undesirable behaviours that might be improved by neutering – behaviours such as – roaming, masturbation, mounting, inter-dog aggression, excessive sexual interest or marking, then there can be some benefits to considering having your dog neutered.

Although not infallible, a physical examination, a series of blood and urine tests and any additional screening that your veterinarian may feel is warranted for your dog (e.g., ECG, chest x-rays), can help to determine if your pet has any significant anaesthetic risks. These tests can also help the veterinarian determine which anaesthetic protocol would be safest for your pet.

Since many older pets require anaesthesia for other procedures (e.g., growth removal, preventive dentistry), the benefits can often be further increased, and the number of anaesthetic procedures reduced by performing the castration along with the other procedure.

Neutering Your Older Male Dog – The Experience

After anaesthesia is administered, breathing is ventilated and vitals are monitored, the fur in front of the scrotum is clipped or shaved, and the skin is sterilized using a topical antiseptic wash.

A small incision is made in that location using sterile surgical tools. For puppies with both testicles descended, the next step is the clipping of the vas deferens and the removal of the testicles, which takes 10 to 20 minutes.

The vas deferens and the blood supply to the area are tied off, and the small incision is closed with surgical glue, staples, or in rare cases, sutures.

Will Neutering a Dog Calm him down?

A number of recent studies have shown that neutering a dog is just as effective at calming him down and reducing male associated behavioural issues. 

It has also been advocated that neutering be performed at a practical young age also ensuring that the procedure is done before the dog breeds.

This is often the case in dog shelters as it allows them to ensure that every dog adopted has already been neutered. A lot of dog shelters now routinely begin neutering as young as two months of age. To date, studies have shown that castration at this early age is safe, and has no long-term effects on health or behaviour, regardless of the age that it is performed.

It has been suggested that surgery at this age is shorter, that recovery is quicker, and that there is less post-operative discomfort for these younger animals.

How can I find out about low-cost spay/neuter programs in my area?

Check out the links below:
Neutering your pet – PDSA

Most Absorbent Dog Diapers

Unfortunately, accidents happen in life. Some accidents, however, are worse than others. Coming home after a long day of work only to find that your dog, whether it is a puppy or an elderly dog, has had an accident on your clean kitchen floor is something that nobody really wants to experience.

With that being said, it is a normal part of housetraining a dog, and it slowly becomes a normal part of life if you have a dog who has incontinence issues. Thankfully, there are a few ways that you can help both you and your dog out.

Getting your dog some doggy diapers is one of the easiest solutions to accidents with your dog. While these are generally not recommended for housetraining a puppy, they can come in handy if you are going to be away from home for a bit. Generally, dog diapers are best used for dogs who have issues with incontinence, especially senior dogs.

There are two major types of dog diapers that you can choose from: reusable and disposable, and each type of diaper has its pros and cons in their own situations.

There are also many different sizes of dog diapers out there for just about any and every dog. Because this is a relatively common issue, there is an amazing range of dog diapers to choose from. The three below top the list of most absorbent dog diapers with leading owner reviews.

Irrespective of whether you have a female dog on heat or if you are just doing your best with a dog that urinates when excited, having disposable diapers on hand can make things so much easier for everyone involved.

While this does mean you will be spending more in the long run, these can be good for dogs who are in heat, as you can simply dispose of them when you do not need them anymore. Generally, you can expect disposable dog diapers to resemble baby diapers in a way, but they will be fitted for dogs.

These diapers are designed to be leak proof and absorbent. This helps with a number of situations but is best for dogs who urinate when excited and dogs who are in heat.

This is because you can usually predict when this will happen and you can purchase the diapers in advance to have them on hand, especially while travelling. You can even keep them in a closet and use reusable diapers mainly, but having these on backup is always a smart option when your dog is prone to accidents.

Do keep in mind that this option is far more expensive in the long run, as you really shouldn’t reuse disposable diapers.

For dogs who have a more chronic issue, or for people who do not enjoy placing multiple orders every few months or so, reusable dog diapers are a wonderful way to go about tackling the problem at hand.

As the name might suggest, the key feature of these diapers is that you can simply stick them in the washing machine when they are not in use and you can use them again until they wear out.

This means that you can go for a long, long time without having to purchase more reusable diapers, assuming that they do not get torn apart by the dog.

With these diapers, the material is also stronger and more durable than with disposable diapers. After all, it is designed to survive multiple washings. Thankfully, you can expect this to mean that they will stand up to the wear and tear of a dog’s life as well.

Reusable dog diapers are more expensive up front, but the long-term cost is significantly lower than with disposable diapers, meaning that they are better for dogs who have chronic incontinence issues or people who do not want to keep purchasing and tossing the disposable ones into the garbage.

Sometimes, all you really want is to make sure that your dog is comfortable and that your house is also accident-free when your dog is in heat. This is why they also make special diapers for female dogs to ease this process out a little bit.

Of course, male dogs can use these diapers too, as long as they fit in them. As dogs come in a variety of different sizes, there can be some concern about your dog fitting in the diaper in the first place. This is where the elastic band in some reusable diapers comes to the fore.

With elastic on the waist, leg holes, and tail hole, you can rest assured knowing that your dog will almost always be able to fit in these reusable diapers. No matter if your dog is in heat or you simply don’t want to deal with the disposable diapers, these reusable diapers pose a solution to everyone involved.

Not only do you save money in the long term by not purchasing disposable diapers, but you also save money from not having to deal with accidents around the house.

Knowing What to Look for in Dog Diapers

Choosing the type of dog diaper your dog can benefit most from will depend almost exclusively on the situation. If you know for a fact that the accidents will be temporary and that it won’t be very long until the problem is resolved, then it might be worth getting the disposable diapers. After all, they are less expensive up front and are often easier to put on the dog as well.

On the other hand, if you know that you will be facing this problem more in the future, such as chronic incontinence or a dog in heat, it might be worth getting reusable diapers. With these diapers, you won’t have to worry about incontinence issues coming up again around the house, and you will always have a pair on you if it does spring up again.

However, sometimes the best thing to do is to invest in a combination of both, even if the incontinence is due to something as temporary as something that will be surgically fixed.

Similarly, if you use reusable diapers, you might find yourself in trouble if all of them are in the washing machine. Having some disposable diapers on hand for this, or even travel, is something you should always consider. Likewise, reusable diapers can be used in just about any situation regarding accidents, and it might be a good idea to keep them around.

Dog Diaper Buying Checklist

Do dog diapers help potty train?

Dog diapers help potty train as they are useful towards the end of the house training process. At this point you’ll see that your dog has less than one accident a day. It works best for dogs that are calm as they often do not mind wearing a dog diaper.

Do dog diapers work for older dogs?

Dog diapers for incontinence in older dogs are a great option  to have when going out for a drive with your dog as it protects your car seats and lining. In some instances though, the crinkling noise of disposable dog diapers  can be bothersome to some dogs. Large Pee Pads for older dogs are a great alternative to own if you have older dogs around the house. 

How do you get dog diapers to stay on?

There are multiple ways to get dog diapers to stay on. You can use a belly band for male dog or connect canine suspenders to the diaper. An alternative option is reusable dog diapers as they can be put on and removed as necessary.

How often should I change my dog’s diaper?

How often you change your dog diapers will vary the type of dog breed that you have. An ideal option will be able to at least change your dog diapers once a day if not more. that gives you the opportunity to take it on and off for your dog to use the bathroom.

Neutering an older dog – Side effects

Many people choose to neuter their older dogs for a variety of reasons. Most of these people can also agree that neutering a dog provides a variety of benefits to the dog’s life but there are some downsides to getting your dog neutered as well.

For example, there is always a chance of your dog developing some issues with bladder control. This is commonly referred to as hormone-responsive urinary incontinence and, as the name would suggest, it is often caused by the change in hormones after neutering. It can last for up to a year after the neuter, meaning that you should be well prepared to take care of your dog if this happens.

Neutering an older dog, what are the side effects? Because urinary incontinence is relatively common in dogs, there are many, many solutions available for you to choose from. Whether you want to consider giving your dog medication or you want to make sure that you have supplies on hand to prevent and minimize accidents, you will surely find a solution that fits both you and your dog. Many people aren’t always comfortable giving their dogs medicine, which makes other incontinence solutions even more popular.

Neutering an older dog - Side effects

What Solutions Are There?

Generally, hormone-responsive incontinence will happen most when the dog is lying down. This happens for a few reasons but one of the biggest reasons is the fact that there is more pressure on the bladder. The increased pressure on the bladder and the change in hormones combined can end up causing bladder leaks in your dog. This means that your dog’s bedding will become soiled far more often. Because of this, you should consider getting a dog incontinence blanket.

These blankets are usually designed to be absorbent, breathable, and washable to ensure that when your dog leaks, it will not be disturbed by the wet spot. When the dog gets up, you will be able to easily wash the blanket before your dog goes back to sleep.

If your dog has a more severe case of hormone-responsive incontinence that causes your dog to leak urine at any given time, you might want to consider getting something that will keep your dog from having accidents in the house. Just as human babies wear nappies until they are potty-trained, a nappy can help your dog with its incontinence issues.

Not only will the nappy prevent accidents in the house but dog nappies are designed to be absorbent, meaning that your dog’s skin and fur won’t be as affected by the leakage. A dog nappy can keep your dog happy and relatively healthy until the hormone-responsive urinary incontinence is relieved.

Why Should You Consider a Solution?

Aside from the fact that cleaning up after an incontinent dog’s accidents is no fun for anyone, a dog that has incontinence issues is generally not too happy. Having to sleep in a bed that has urine stains is uncomfortable. Having fur stained with urine and stool is not only uncomfortable for the dog but it can also cause some skin problems as well. Nobody wants this to happen as it will cost even more time and money to treat. Choosing to minimize your dog’s accidents is the best thing that you can do for your dog if it loses control of its bladder due to neutering.

Negative Effects of Neutering

In the past, surgical complications were considered the only risks of neutering. But recent research has identified a growing number of potential long-term health risks associated with the surgery. In studies, neutered dogs had a higher incidence of hypothyroidism, obesity, orthopaedic disorders, cognitive impairment, vaccine reactions and various cancers than did intact dogs. In some cases, other factors also come into play, such as breed or age at the time of the surgery.

Behavioural Effects

Because neutering eliminates circulating testosterone in a dog’s system, sex-related behaviours such as marking or roaming are reduced in many neutered dogs. Although neutering often is suggested to reduce aggression, especially toward other dogs, the science is mixed. Some research shows a decrease in aggression, other studies show an increase or no effect. Other unwanted behaviours, such as barking, begging or stealing food, are actually increased in neutered dogs.

Weight gain Effects

Studies have shown that neutered animals probably require around 25% fewer calories to maintain a healthy bodyweight than entire male animals of the same weight do. This is because a neutered animal has a lower metabolic rate than an entire animal. Because of this, what tends to happen is that most owners, unaware of this fact, continue to feed their neutered male dogs the same amount of food after the surgery that they did prior to the surgery, with the result that their dogs become fat.

Neutering didn’t lead to problematic  behavioural change

A lot of owners only get their animals neutered as a means of trying to correct already established male behaviours that are annoying or unsafe to the owner or pet (e.g. roaming, humping legs and toys, aggression, dominance, marking territory and so on). Such owners often become very disappointed when the neutering surgery fails to correct these behavioural “defects” in their animal.

What is dogs urinary incontinence?


What is dogs urinary incontinence? And to deal with it?

First, it’s crucial to differentiate the issues of incontinence from uncleanliness. In the first instance, the animal isn’t aware it’s urinating. This may be by constant drops or leaks as soon as it changes position or perhaps by a true pee involuntary. In contrast to cleanliness problems in which the dog knowingly needs it in inappropriate areas since he hasn’t learned to be clean.

Causes Of Dog Urinary Incontinence

Dog urinary incontinence happens when the sphincter loses tone and the muscle that regulates urine is unable to execute its role, releasing urine randomly.

What is dogs urinary incontinence?

There are several different reasons for why old dogs have these problems, including:


It’s typical for a sterilized dog to have an involuntary loss of urine, dogs can also be influenced by this phenomenon after castration but to a lesser extent. This incontinence leads to dysfunction of the sphincter that’s diminished and causes accidental losses.

Inflammations of the uterus or bladder may be the source of some incontinence issues. They induce the animal to urinate frequently in tiny amounts along with the dog may not be able to control himself between exits.

It’s possible that nervous problems are in the root of incontinence in the dog. Nerve damage can lead to urination deficit, this is, for instance, a urethral rupture.

Some dogs may be born with a malformation known as the ectopic ureter. The ureter is a tube connecting each kidney to the bladder to carry the urine, in the event of this pathology that the ureter is badly positioned and gets poorly to the bladder.

Hormonal imbalance

Old dog incontinence can be the result of a hormone imbalance.

Researchers are still unsure whether or not early-spaying (between 6 weeks and 6 months old) increases the chances of this type of incontinence

Older male dogs can suffer from testosterone-related incontinence also, whether they’ve been neutered or not.

Some breeds seem to be at a greater risk of this happening, they include spaniels (of different kinds), Old English Sheepdogs, Doberman Pinschers and Boxers.

Spinal Or Neurological Problems

If your older dog has vertebrae, disc or spinal issues, or neurological problems, then they could cause her to lose control of her bladder.

This is because the nerve signals from her mind to her bladder aren’t working properly, or are not getting through at all.

You are more likely to understand this if your dog is long-bodied (like the Dachshund), or short-legged (such as the Corgi), or a combination of both (such as the Basset Hound).

A urinary tract (UTI) or bladder infection can cause Fifi to lose control of her bladder because the need to pee is so powerful. It usually also makes her need to pee much more often than normal.

But incontinence that is being triggered by something else may also cause a UTI. It is sort of a ‘the-chicken-and-the-egg’ situation.

Bladder infections are more often seen in female dogs than in males and affect all ages.

Normally causes some discomfort or even pain for Fifi since the urine burns and itches. Sometimes she’ll strain really hard but only have the ability to pass just a drop or 2 of pee-pee.

Disease Or Illness

There are a few distinct conditions that may cause your old dog to begin peeing more often, or to drop control of her bladder.

The most common ones include diabetes (usually leads to excessive thirst, followed by a predictably excessive quantity of urination), liver or kidney disease, polyps or cancerous growths in the urinary tract, or prostate, bladder stones.

Old Dog Syndrome

This is just another name for ‘Canine Dysfunction Syndrome‘, and it can affect senior dogs in a huge selection of different ways.

What to do when you’ve got an incontinent dog?

The first thing to do if you suspect your dog is experiencing incontinence or having sudden accidents is to make an appointment with the vet for an examination. This will help to know where the difficulty is coming from and if this issue is due to actual incontinence or if it’s not a symptom of another puppy disease. Numerous tests can be practised to be aware of the source: blood test, ultrasound, scanner …

The treatments vary based on the cause of the incontinence. If it comes after the sterilization of a puppy it’ll be a drug treatment to strengthen the sphincter. In the event of a malformation like the ectopic ureter, the therapy will be a surgical procedure to replace the ureter.

Finally, there are a few remedies that your vet may prescribe to help regulate your dog’s bladder. By way of instance, Propalin is an effective syrup for the long term therapy of dog incontinence.

If you want a more natural remedy according to homoeopathy, baryta carbonica 5 granules per night for 3 weeks has been demonstrated to treat incontinence. Be careful, however, to ask your vet beforehand to collect his view.

Facilitate the daily life of an incontinent dog

With an incontinent older dog, some organisation is needed to take care of involuntary pee.

Invest in waterproof beds to protect the surfaces where the dog usually sleeps: his basket, a carpet, the floor, the couch … This allows it first to absorb the liquid and also keep your puppy dry until it gets up and additionally, it protects the surface.

Dog diapers are also a fantastic way to keep your house dry but also where you go with your dog. It is for all sizes of dog, it will take a while for your pet to get used to dog nappies as an accessory but soon he’ll get accustomed to it.

Dog Incontinence usually involves involuntary loss of urine. It mostly affects older dogs but other biological reasons may be afoot.

Incontinence in your elderly dog.

urinary tract infection in dogs

Dog urinary incontinence and urinary tract infections occur in 2% to 3% of all dogs and that percentage increases if you own an elderly dog.

It is usually caused by a bacterial infection that has entered the body through the urethra, the tube that carries urine out of the body. If the infection is able to take hold, it colonises in the urinary tract, eventually making its way to the bladder causing a bladder infection.

Infection in the urinary tract causes inflammation which reduces the size of the urethra and makes the tube narrower, making it more difficult to urinate. Since less urine passes through the body, other problems can set in such as urinary or bladder stones. The urine contains crystals which form into stones. As these crystals attach to one another forming stones, additional blockages and urination problems can occur.

The urine itself is natures way of keeping the urinary tract infection free. If your elderly dog isn’t urinating enough, or there are other problems in the body that changed the PH balance or composition of the urine, it reduces the urine’s bacteria-killing effectiveness.

Incontinence in your elderly dog.


Symptoms of dog bladder problems

Symptoms of a urinary tract infection in an elderly dog are usually related to problems with urination due to inflammation of the urinary tract. These include:

  • Difficulty Urinating
  • Pain when urinating
  • Frequent urination
  • Urine leaking
  • Urination in unacceptable places
  • Urine odour
  • Licking of the area where your dog urinates

Causes Of Dog Urinary Incontinence

There are several different reasons for why old dogs have these problems, including:

Hormonal Changes in Female Dogs

Old dog incontinence can be the result of a hormone imbalance.

Most common are low levels of estrogen in female dogs, especially those who have been spayed.

Scientists are still not sure whether or not early-spaying (between 6 weeks and 6 months old) increases the chances of this type of incontinence

Older male dogs can suffer from testosterone-related incontinence too, whether they’ve been neutered or not.

Some breeds seem to be at a higher risk of this happening, they include spaniels (of different types), Old English Sheepdogs, Doberman Pinschers and Boxers.

Spinal Or Neurological Problems

If your old dog has vertebrae, disc or spinal issues, or neurological problems, then they can cause her to lose control of her bladder.

This is because the nerve signals from her brain to her bladder are not working properly, or aren’t getting through at all.

You’re more likely to see this if your dog is long-bodied (like the Dachshund), or short-legged (like the Corgi), or a combination of both (like the Basset Hound).

However, dogs that have arthritis and other joint problems and injuries need a walkabout harness that allows your pet lead a happier, healthier and cleaner life

Disease Or Illness

There are a few different conditions that can cause your old dog to start peeing more often, or to lose control of her bladder.

The most common ones include diabetes (usually results in excessive thirst, followed by a predictably excessive amount of urination). It also includes kidney or liver disease, polyps or cancerous growths in the urinary tract, or prostate, bladder stones.


A urinary tract (UTI) or bladder infection can cause your elderly dog to lose control of her bladder because the need to pee is so strong. It usually also makes her need to pee much more often than normal and leave you looking for the right products to buy.

But incontinence which is being triggered by something else can also cause a UTI. It’s sort of a ‘the-chicken-and-the-egg’ situation.

Bladder infections are more often seen in female dogs than in males and affect all ages.

Usually causes some discomfort or even pain for your dog because of the urine burns and itches. Sometimes she’ll strain really hard, but only be able to pass only a drop or two of pee-pee.

Elderly Dog Syndrome

This is another name for ‘Canine Dysfunction Syndrome’, and it can affect senior dogs in a wide variety of different ways.

Then there are endocrine disorders such as Cushing’s Disease and Addison’s Disease.

Canine Cognitive Dysfunction (basically this is the dog equivalent of human Alzheimer) can lead to old dog incontinence problems too.

That’s because dogs with CCD can ‘forget’ the house training habits they’ve known since they were puppies.

Sometimes they’ll have periods when they’re kind of ‘spacey’ and not really at the moment… and that can lead to random urination episodes.

Psychological or emotional issues like extreme stress or anxiety can also trigger old dog incontinence, although usually on a more temporary basis.

Older dogs can get stressed and anxious quite quickly, and even what might seem like a small change to you can upset your dog more than you would expect.

And last, but not least, the ageing process itself often means that muscles, nerves and organs don’t work as well as they used to.

Lack of muscle-tone or weak nerve impulses can cause a loosening of the bladder sphincter (the muscle at the ‘neck’ of the bladder, which holds it closed) and cause your dog to unintentionally dribble urine.